Keynote Addresses

Keynote I

Re-Engineering Computing with Neuro-Inspired Learning: Devices, Circuits, and Systems

Prof. Kaushik Roy

Purdue University, USA

Advances in machine learning, notably deep learning, have led to computers matching or surpassing human performance in several cognitive tasks including vision, speech and natural language processing. However, implementation of such neural algorithms in conventional "von-Neumann" architectures are several orders of magnitude more area and power expensive than the biological brain. Hence, we need fundamentally new approaches to sustain exponential growth in performance at high energy-efficiency beyond the end of the CMOS roadmap in the era of ‘data deluge’ and emergent data-centric applications. Exploring the new paradigm of computing necessitates a multi-disciplinary approach: exploration of new learning algorithms inspired from neuroscientific principles, developing network architectures best suited for such algorithms, new hardware techniques to achieve orders of improvement in energy consumption, and nanoscale devices that can closely mimic the neuronal and synaptic operations of the brain leading to a better match between the hardware substrate and the model of computation. In this talk, I will focus on our recent works on neuromorphic computing with spike based learning and the design of underlying hardware that can lead to quantum improvements in energy efficiency with good accuracy.

Keynote II

Secure and Trustworthy Microfluidic Biochips: Protecting Medical Diagnostics, Bioassay IP, and DNA Forensics

Prof. Krishnendu Chakrabarty

Prof. Krishnendu Chakrabarty

Duke University, USA

Today's microfluidic biochips are integrated with sensors and intelligent control, and networked for data analysis. These systems are cyberphysical in nature and are unfortunately coming of age in an era of rampant cybersecurity issues. Consequently, we anticipate novel security and trust problems that need to be addressed using interdisciplinary expertise in microfluidics, microbiology, hardware design, and cybersecurity. This presentation will first describe security threats and attack surfaces, and their consequences for the research landscape, industry, and society. The speaker will next present countermeasures against bioassay outcome manipulation, biochip actuation tampering, and bioassay IP theft. Experimental results will be presented for securing biomolecular protocols on the benchtop and for protecting microfluidic biochip prototypes with security primitives.

Keynote III

The Frontier of Origami Science

Prof. Jun Mitani

Prof. Jun Mitani

University of Tsukuba, Japan

Origami, the art of folding paper into shapes, is not only a traditional Japanese art but also a subject of research in a wide range of fields such as mathematics, engineering, and education. The technique of folding a single sheet of material without cutting contributes to compactly folding objects and improving their portability. Therefore, origami technology is being applied to space engineering, architecture, and the development of medical devices. However, folding a single sheet of paper into a desired shape is difficult to achieve because of its strict geometric constraints. To solve this problem, a lot of researches have been conducted. In this talk, I will first introduce the history of origami in Japan from the past to today. After that, I will also introduce a wide range of topics, including the geometry of origami, my long term work on curved fold design, and the recent trend of origami research.

Last Updated on: November 17, 2020